Physical examination

Although the majority of children with nocturnal enuresis may appear normal, the physical examination is an essential part of the diagnostics as signs of anatomical or neurological issues may become evident, suggesting further work-up as needed.

Here’s what to pay special attention to:

What to look for:

Function of lower extremities, reflexes, (anocutaneous)

What to look for:

signs of dysraphism (hairy patches, dimples)

Take a closer look at Dysraphisim:

What to look for:

Phimosis, hypospadias, labia agglutination, rashes

What to look for:

Rectal impaction with rectal examination or palpable abdominal mass in left lower quadrant

Bedwetting | 2. Diagnosing nocturnal enuresis
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