Step 3:
Physical examination

1. Check the penis

For non-palpable or undescended testes on both sides as well as any sign of disorder of sexual development (DSDs) such as concomitant hypospadias or micropenis, an urgent endocrinological and genetic evaluation is required.

2. Check the groins

Look for scars as prior inguinal surgery (hernia repair, hydrocele repair, and/or orchidopexy) is indicative of secondary undescended testes caused by entrapment.

Cryptorchidism | 2. diagnosing cryptorchidism
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