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During a laparoscopy for non-palpable testes, possible anatomical findings include spermatic vessels entering the inguinal canal (40%), intra-abdominal testes (40%), peeping testes (10%), or blind-ending spermatic vessels confirming vanishing testis (10%).
In the case of a vanishing testis, the procedure is finished once blind-ending spermatic vessels are clearly identified.
If the vessels enter the inguinal canal, one may find an atrophic testis upon inguinal exploration or a healthy testis that needs to undergo standard orchidopexy.
A peeping testis can be placed down in the scrotum either laparoscopically or via an inguinal incision.