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We've curated a database of terms and conditions related to paediatric urology to help everyone learn more about the field.
Prompt and adequate antibiotic treatment of renal infection reduces the risk of permanent renal damage (scarring).
A urine culture is needed in order to choose the best drug to treat a renal infection.
Although the duration of treatment is controversial, 10-day treatment is adequate.
Chemioprofilaxis (daily reduced dose of antibiotic for a long period) is rarely recommended.
Renal function is usually measured by glomerular filtration rate (GFR).
The most used method to estimate GFR is creatinine clearance (several formulas have been developed).
According to the value of the GFR, we divide kidney insufficiency into several categories: