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We've curated a database of terms and conditions related to pediatric urology to help everyone learn more about the field.
Care must be taken with catheterization because these patients may be susceptible to urinary tract infections.
Patients are at significant risk for renal failure over the course of their lifetimes. Most who develop renal failure later in life show evidence of reflux and infection.
Whenever possible, abnormalities of the lower tract should be corrected before considering transplantation.
Renal transplantation also requires surgical fixation of the kidney, because there is a risk for vascular pedicle torsion given the diminished abdominal wall support.