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Vesicoureteric reflux is an anatomical and/or functional disorder.
The definition of primary vesicoureteral reflux refers to reflux caused by ureterovesical junction anomaly and ureteral abnormalities such as complete ureteral duplication, ectopic ureteral orifice, ureterocele.
Patients typically present in one of two ways: as a result of prenatal hydronephrosis or a UTI.
VUR can cause potentially serious consequences, such as: